The Covenant of Mayors is a joint initiative of cities, municipalities and the European Commission, which was set up shortly after the adoption of the so called climate and energy package in 2008. Its target group are municipalities that voluntarily commit to reducing CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and increasing resistance to local impacts of climate change (prolonged drought, waves of extreme heat or frost, torrential rain, etc.).
The cities reach these goals through:
- energy savings, energy efficiency and renewable energy use, particularly in buildings, transport and street lighting;
- appropriate adaptation measures.
The City of Brno became a signatory of the Covenant in September 2017. The accession of the city resulted in it being obliged to prepare the so-called Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP) within two years, which includes the initial summary of greenhouse gas emission and plans of specific activities and measures to reduce them, including a long-term vision until 2030. The processing of the SECAP was commissioned to the company Enviros, s.r.o., which on the basis of the contract will complete it by 30 July 2019.
The Covenant commitments cover all areas of local government. Thus, within the SECAP, the city focuses on 4 key sectors: municipal, tertiary, residential and transport. The city itself must give a good example and take action primarily in its own properties, facilities, rolling stock, etc. At the same time, it strives to engage in these activities above all the tertiary and residential sectors. These provide the greatest reserves for implementing measures that lead to CO2 reduction.
The analytical part of the SECAP implies that over the years 2000 to 2015, CO2 emissions in the city territory decreased by 12.58%. However, in order to achieve the 40% CO2 reduction target, it is necessary to reduce the total emissions by 594 kilotonnes against 2015. Electrical power consumption accounted for 23% of all energy consumption in 2015, but makes up for more than 55% of CO2 emissions. For this reason, there is a need to expand local renewable electrical energy production across all sectors in the city of Brno in order to compensate for the growing needs.